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Nights of the Celluloid Dead:
A History of the Zombie Film


by Robert Hood

First published in Bloodsongs#6, 1995; ed. Steve Proposch.

List of Zombie Films (chronological)

(Note: Titles, alternative titles, directors and dates are as accurate and complete as possible, but different sources often vary in detail. Where there is disagreement, and the film was unavailable for viewing, I have generally followed Phil Hardy from his Aurum Film Encyclopedia of Horror.)
  • White Zombie (Victor Halperin, 1932-USA)
  • Ghoul, The (T. Hayes Hunter, 1933-Britain)
  • Night of Terror (Benjamin Stoloff, 1933-USA)
  • Ouanga (George Terwilliger, 1935-USA) aka Drums of the Jungle, and Crime of Voodoo
  • Revolt of the Zombies (Victor Halperin, 1936-USA)
  • Walking Dead, The (Michael Curtiz, 1936-USA)
  • Man They Could Not Hang, The (Nick Grinde, 1939-USA)
  • Ghost Breakers, The (George Marshall, 1940-USA)
  • King of the Zombies (Jean Yarbrough, 1941-USA)
  • I Walked with a Zombie (Jacques Tourneur, 1943-USA)
  • Revenge of the Zombies (Steve Sekely, 1943-USA) aka The Corpse Vanished
  • Voodoo Man, The (William Beaudine, 1944-USA)
  • Zombies on Broadway (Gordon Douglas, 1945-USA) aka Loonies on Broadway
  • Valley of the Zombies (Philip Ford, 1946-USA)
  • Zombies of the Stratosphere (Fred Bannon, 1952 serial) condensed as Satan's Satellites (1958)
  • Creature With the Atom Brain (Edward L. Cahn, 1955-USA)
  • Gamma People, The (John Gilling, 1956-USA)
  • Teenage Zombies (Jerry Warren, 1957-USA)
  • Voodoo Woman (Edward L. Cahn, 1957-USA)
  • Zombies of Mora Tau, The (Edward L. Cahn, 1957-USA)
  • Brain Eaters (Bruno de Sota, 1958-USA)
  • Invisible Invaders (Edward L. Cahn, 1959-USA)
  • Night of the Ghouls (Edward D. Wood Jr., 1959-USA) aka Revenge of the Dead
  • Plan 9 From Outer Space (Edward D. Wood Jr., 1959-USA)
  • Doctor Blood's Coffin (Sidney J. Furie, 1960-Britain)
  • Marca del Muerto, La (Fernado Cortes, 1960-Mexico) aka Creatures of the Walking Dead
  • Dead One, The (Barry Mahon, 1961-USA)
  • Hercules in the Haunted World (Mario Bava, 1961-Italy) Original title: Ercole al Centro della Terra
  • Santo contra los zombies (Benito Alazraki, 1961-Mexico)
  • War of the Zombies (Giuseppe Vari, 1963-Italy) Original title: Roma contra Roma
  • I Eat Your Skin (Del Tenney, 1964-USA) aka Zombie Bloodbath
  • Incredibly Strange Creatures Who Stopped Living and Became Mixed-Up Zombies (Ray Dennis Steckler, 1964-USA)
  • Creature of the Walking Dead (Frederic Corte, 1965-USA)
  • Plague of the Zombies (John Gilling, 1966-Britain)
  • Terror Creatures from the Grave (Massimo Pupillo, 1966-Italy). Original title: Cinque Tombe per un Medium
  • Frozen Dead, The (Herbert Leder, 1967-Britain)
  • Astro-Zombies (Ted V. Mikels, 1968-USA)
  • Night of the Living Dead (George Romero, 1968-USA)
  • Corpse, The (Viktors Ritelis, 1969-Britain) aka Crucible of Horror, and The Velvet House
  • I Drink Your Blood (David Dunston, 1970-USA)
  • Tombs of the Blind Dead (Amando de Ossorio, 1971-Spain/Portugal). Original title: La Noche del Terror Ciego; aka Night of the Blind Dead, and Tombs of the Blind Zombies
  • Virgin Among the Living Dead (Jesús Franco, 1971-Spain). Original title: Une Vierge Chez Les Morts Vivants
  • Baron Blood (Mario Bava, 1972-Italy/West Germany). Original title: Gli Orrori del Castello di Norimberga; aka Chamber of Tortures, The Blood Baron, Thirst of Baron Blood, and The Torture Chamber of Baron Blood
  • Orgy of the Dead (José Luis Merino, 1972-Spain/Italy). Original title: La Orgia de los Muertos.
  • Dead of Night (John Clark, 1972-Canada) aka Deathdream
  • Dead People (William Huyck, 1972-USA) aka Messiah of Evil, The Second Coming, Revenge of the Screaming Dead and Return of the Living Dead
  • Dracula the Terror of the Living Dead (Jose Luis Merino, 1972-Spain/Italy) Original title: La Orgia de los Muertos
  • Horror Express (Gene Martin, 1972-Spain/Britain) Original title: Panico en el Transiberiano; aka Panic on the Trans-Siberian Train
  • Horror Rises From the Grave (Carlos Aured, 1972-Spain) Original title: El Espanto Surge de la Tombe
  • Rebellión de las muertas (Leon Klimovsky, 1972-Spain) aka Vengeance of the Zombies, Revolt of the Dead Ones, and The Rebellion of the Dead Women
  • Tales From the Crypt (Freddie Francis, 1972-Britain)
  • Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things (Bob Clark, 1973-USA) aka Things from the Grave, and Zombie Graveyard
  • Night of the Sorcerers (Amando de Ossorio, 1973-Spain) Original title: La Noche de los Brujos
  • Return of the Evil Dead, The (Amando de Ossorio, 1973-Spain) Original title: El Ataque de los Muertes sin Ojos
  • Ghoul, The (Freddie Francis, 1974-Britain)
  • Horror of the Zombies (Amando de Ossorio, 1974-Spain) Original title: El Buque Maldito; aka The Ghost Ship, and Ship of the Zombies
  • Living Dead at the Manchester Morgue, The (Jorge Grau, 1974-Spain/Italy). Original title: No Profanar el Sueño de los Muertos; aka Fin de Semana para los Muertos, Breakfast at the Manchester Morgue, and Don't Open the Window
  • Voodoo Girl (Paul Maslansky, 1974-USA) aka Sugar Hill, and The Zombies of Sugar Hill
  • Dead Don't Die, The (Curtis Harrington, 1975-USA)
  • Night of the Death Cult (Amando de Ossorio, 1975-Spain). Original title: La Noche de las Gaviotas; aka Night of the Seagulls
  • Crazies, The (George Romero, 1976-USA)
  • Child, The (Robert Voskanian, 1977-USA) aka Zombie Child, and Kill and Go Hide
  • Monde des Morts-Vivantes, Le (Amando de Ossorio, 1977-France/West Germany)
  • Shock Waves (Ken Wiederhorn, 1977-USA) aka Death Corps, and Almost Human
  • Dawn of the Dead (George Romero, 1978-USA) aka Zombies
  • Raisons de la mort, Les (Jean Rollin, 1978-France) aka Pesticide
  • Beyond Terror (Tomas Aznar, 1979-Spain). Original title: Mas Alla del Terror; aka Further Than Fear
  • Curse of the Screaming Dead (Tony Malanowski, 1979-USA) aka Curse of the Cannibal Confederates
  • Erotic Night of the Living Dead (Joe D'Amato, 1979-Italy)
  • Fog, The (John Carpenter, 1979-USA)
  • Phantasm (Don Coscarelli, 1979-USA) aka The Never Dead
  • Toxic Zombies (Chuck McCrunn, 1979-USA) aka Bloodeaters
  • Zombie Flesh Eaters (Lucio Fulci, 1979-Italy) aka Zombie 2, and Island of the Living Dead
  • Burial Ground (Andrea Bianchi, 1980-Italy) Original title: Le Notti del Terrore; aka Nights of Terror, Zombie 3, and Zombi Horror
  • City of the Living Dead (Lucio Fulci, 1980-Italy) Original title: Paura nella Citta dei Morti Viventi; aka The Gates of Hell, The Fear, Fear in the City of the Living Dead, and Twilight of the Dead
  • Grim Reaper, The (Joe D'Amato, 1980-Italy)
  • Lake of the Living Dead, The (Jean Rollin, 1980-Spain/France) Original title: El Lago de los Muertos Vivientes; aka Zombie's Lake, and Le Lac des Morts Vivants
  • Nightmare City (Umberto Lenzi, 1980-Italy/Spain) Original title: Incubo sulla Citta Contaminata; aka La Invasión de los zombies atomicos; aka City of the Walking Dead, and Invasion of the Atomic Zombies
  • Zombi Holocaust (Frank Martin/Marino Girolami, 1980-Italy) Original title: La Regina dei Cannibali; aka Dr Butcher M.D., Queen of the Cannibals, and The Island of the Last Zombies
  • Beyond, The (Lucio Fulci, 1981-Italy) Original title: ...E Tu Vivrai nel Terrore! L'Aldila; aka L'Aldila, And You'll Live in Terror! The Beyond, and Seven Doors of Death
  • Dead and Buried (Gary Sherman, 1981-USA)
  • House By The Cemetery (Lucio Fulci, 1981-Italy). Original title: Quella Villa Accanto al Cimitero
  • Night of the Zombies (Vincent Dawn/Bruno Mattei, 1981-Italy/Spain) Original title: Inferno dei Morti-Viventi; aka Zombie Creeping Flesh, Apocalipsis Canibal, Cannibal Virus, Virus--L'Inferno dei Morti Viventi, Hell of the Living Death, and Virus Cannibale
  • Strange Dead Bodies (Kang Bum Koo, 1981-Korea) Original title: Koesi
  • Cannibal Apocalypse (Anthony M. Dawson, 1982-Italy) aka Invasion of the Flesh Hunters
  • Evil Dead, The (Sam Raimi, 1982-USA)
  • I Was a Zombie for the FBI (Marius Penczner, 1982-USA)
  • La Morte Vivante (Jean Rollin, 1982-France) aka The Living Dead Girl (See the Redemption version which is the original)
  • Treasure of the Living Dead, The (Jesús Franco, 1982-Spain/France) Original title: La Tumba de los Muertos Vivientes; aka The Grave of the Living Dead, Oasis of the Zombies, Le Trésor des Morts Vivants
  • Forever Evil (D. Roger Evans, 1983-USA)
  • Hysterical (Chris Beards, 1983-USA)
  • One Dark Night (Tom McLoughlin, 1983-USA)
  • C.H.U.D. (Douglas Cheek, 1984-USA)
  • Death Warmed Up (David Blyth, 1984-New Zealand)
  • Night of the Comet (Thom Eberhardt, 1984-USA)
  • Zombie Island Massacre (John Carter, 1984-USA)
  • Cementerio de terror (Ruben Galindo Jr., 1985-Mexico)
  • Creepshow (George Romero, 1985-USA)
  • Day of the Dead (George Romero, 1985-USA)
  • Hard Rock Zombies (Krishna Shah, 1985-USA)
  • Lifeforce (Tobe Hooper, 1985-USA)
  • Raiders of the Living Dead (Samuel M. Sherman, 1985-USA)
  • Re-Animator (Stuart Gordon, 1985-USA)
  • Return of the Living Dead (Dan O'Bannon, 1985-USA)
  • Deadly Friend (Wes Craven, 1986-USA)
  • Demons (Lamberto Bava, 1986-Italy) Original title: Demoni
  • Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives (Tom McLoughlin, 1986-USA)
  • I was a Teenage Zombie (John Elias Michalakis, 1986-USA)
  • Night of the Creeps, The (Fred Dekker, 1986-USA)
  • Supernaturals, The (Armand Mastroianni, 1986-USA)
  • Zombie Nightmare (Jack Brauman, 1986-USA)
  • Blood Diner (Jackie Kong, 1987-USA)
  • Bloody New Year (Norman J. Warren, 1987-USA)
  • Dark Tower (Ken Barnett [Ken Wiederhorn, Freddie Francis], 1987-USA/Spain)
  • Evil Dead 2: Dead By Dawn (Sam Raimi, 1987-USA)
  • Redneck Zombies (Pericles Lewnes, 1987-Britain)
  • Video Dead, The (Robert Scott, 1987-USA)
  • Zombie Brigade (Barrie Pattison, 1987-Australia) aka The Bodycounters
  • Zombie 3 (Lucio Fulci creditted, though in fact Bruno Mattei, 1987-Italy)
  • Zombie High (Ron Link, 1987-USA)
  • Bad Taste (Peter Jackson, 1988-NZ)
  • Dead Heat (Mark Goldblatt, 1988-USA)
  • Dead Mate (Straw Weisman, 1988-USA)
  • Flesh Eating Mothers (James Aviles Martin, 1988-USA)
  • Ghost Town (Richard Governor, 1988-USA)
  • Ghostriders (Alan Stewart, 1988-USA)
  • Maniac Cop (William Lustig, 1988-USA)
  • Phantasm II (Don Coscarelli, 1988-USA)
  • Return of the Living Dead Part 2 (Ken Wiederhorn, 1988-USA)
  • Revenge of the Living Zombies (Bill Hinzman, 1988-USA) aka Flesh Eater
  • Scarecrows (William Wesley, 1988-USA)
  • C.H.U.D. II: Bud the Chud (David Irving, 1989-USA)
  • Dead Pit, The (Brett Leonard, 1989-USA)
  • Night Life (David Acomba, 1989-USA) aka Grave Misdemeanours
  • Pet Semetary (Mary Lambert, 1989-USA)
  • Rabid Grannies (Emmanuel Kervyn, 1989-Belgium)
  • Serpent and the Rainbow, The (Wes Craven, 1989-USA)
  • Voodoo Dawn (Stephen Fierberg, 1989-USA) aka Strange Turf
  • Boneyard, The (Charles B. Pierce, 1990-USA)
  • Bride of Re-Animator: Re-Animator 2 (Brian Yuzna, 1990-USA)
  • Chopper Chicks in Zombietown (Dan Hoskins, 1990-USA)
  • Demons 2 (Lamberto Bava, 1990-Italy)
  • Maniac Cop 2 (William Lustig, 1990-USA)
  • Night of the Living Dead (Tom Savini, 1990-USA remake)
  • Two Evil Eyes (George Romero, Dario Argento, 1990-Italy) Original title: Due Occhi Diabolici
  • Zombie '90: Extreme Pestilence (Andreas Schnaas, 1990-West Germany)
  • Demoni 3 (Umberto Lenzi, 1991-Italy); aka Black Demons
  • Grave Secrets (Donald P. Borchers, 1991-USA)
  • Nudist Colony of the Dead (Mark Pirro, 1991)
  • Resurrected, The (Dan O'Bannon, 1991-Canada)
  • Army of Darkness: Evil Dead 3 (Sam Raimi, 1992-USA)
  • Braindead (Peter Jackson, 1992-NZ) aka Dead Alive
  • Death Becomes Her (Roger Zemeckis, 1992-USA)
  • Ed and His Dead Mother (Jonathan Wack, 1992-USA)
  • Maniac Cop 3: Badge of Silence (William Lustig, 1992-USA)
  • Pet Semetary Two (Mary Lambert, 1992-USA)
  • Jason Goes To Hell: The Final Friday (Adam Marcus, 1993-USA)
  • My Boyfriend's Back (Bob Balaban, 1993-USA)
  • Return of the Living Dead Part 3 (Brian Yuzna, 1993-USA)
  • The Crow (Alex Proyas, 1994-USA)

The Best Zombie Films

1. Romero's Living Dead trilogy
2. I Walked With A Zombie
3. White Zombie
4. Fulci's Zombie series (especially Zombie Flesh Eaters)
5. Evil Dead 1 (and 2)
6. Re-Animator
7. Jackson's Braindead
8. Return of the Living Dead
9. Plague of the Zombies
10. The Serpent and the Rainbow


1. "When there's no more room in hell, the dead shall walk the earth." (Dawn of the Dead)
2. "I've got good news and bad news. The good news is, your dates are here. The bad news is, they're dead!" (Night of the Creeps)
3. "Brains! Brains!" (Return of the Living Dead)
4. "Why have you disturbed our ancient sleep?" (Evil Dead)
5. "There is no beauty--only death and decay." (I Walked with a Zombie)
6. "They work faithfully and are not worried about long hours." (White Zombie)
7. "If we re-animate with her brain like this, she'd be good for slobbering and watching Married With Children, and that's about it!" (Ed and His Dead Mother)
8. "The TV don't kill nobody. It's what comes out of the TV does the killing." (The Video Dead)
9. "I'm the one who loves you. Let me eat your brains!" (Return of the Living Dead 2)
10. "He [the killer] has been sighted, armed with a meat-cleaver in one hand and his genitals in the other." (Blood Diner)


  • Phil Hardy, The Aurum Film Encyclopedia of Horror, London, 1993
  • Phil Hardy, The Aurum Film Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, London, 1991
  • Hoffman's Guide to SF, Horror and Fantasy Movies 1991-92, Marmande, France, 1991
  • Phil Edwards, Beyond Imagination, Sydney, 1984
  • Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide 1994, New York, 1993
  • M. Martin and M. Porter, Video Movie Guide 1994, New York, 1993
  • William K. Everson, Classics of the Horror Film, Secaucus, NJ, 1974
  • William K. Everson, More Classics of the Horror Film, Secaucus, NJ, 1986
  • David Hogan, Dark Romance: sexuality in the horror film, Jefferson NC, 1986
  • Richard Davis (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Horror, Middlesex, 1987
  • Welch Everman, Cult Horror Films, New York, 1993
  • Ken Hanke, A Critical Guide to Horror Film Series, New York, 1991
  • Fangoria magazine, no. 127, October 1993 (USA)
  • The Dark Side magazine, August 1992, June and October 1993 (UK)
  • Lowry Charles Wimberly, Folklore in the English and Scottish Ballads, New York, 1965.
  • Daniel Farson, Mysterious Monsters, New York, 1978.

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